How to Train to Become an HGV Driver


Heavy Goods Vehicle (HGV) drivers play a critical role in the supply chain, delivering goods and materials across countries and even continents. The demand for trained and competent HGV drivers is evergreen, offering a stable career path with numerous job opportunities. If you’re interested in joining this indispensable industry, you’re probably wondering, “How can I train to become an HGV driver?” This comprehensive guide will take you through the essential steps, requirements, and best practices you need to consider to kick-start your career.

Requirements: Before You Begin

Age and Identification

  • Minimum Age: You must be at least 18 years old to drive an HGV in most jurisdictions.
  • Identification: A valid passport or other accepted forms of ID will be needed.

Driving License

Before you can train as an HGV driver, you should have a full, valid car driving license. Some countries also require you to have held the license for a minimum period (e.g., one year) before you can begin HGV training.

Medical Fitness

You must be medically fit to drive an HGV, often requiring a HGV medical exam that includes eyesight tests and a comprehensive check of your medical history.


HGV training can be expensive, so ensure you have a financial plan in place. Some employers offer sponsored training programs, so consider those options as well.

Getting Started: The Training Process

Step 1: Acquire Provisional Entitlement

Before training, you’ll need to apply for a provisional HGV license. The requirements and application forms vary by country, but you’ll generally need to include a medical report and pay a fee.

Step 2: Choose a Training School

Look for a reputable HGV driver training school. Factors to consider include course curriculum, instructor experience, and the availability of job placement services.

Step 3: Undertake Theory Training

Before getting behind the wheel, you’ll need to pass a theory test. It often includes multiple-choice questions and hazard perception tests. Training schools usually offer preparatory courses for this stage.

Step 4: Practical Training

After passing your theory test, the next step is hands-on practical training. This will involve:

  • Basic Control Skills: Learn how to maneuver the HGV effectively.
  • Road Driving: Get a feel for driving an HGV on public roads.
  • Pre-Driving Checks: Understand the safety checks you must perform before driving.

Step 5: Practical Test

After completing the practical training, you’ll take a final test. This will assess your ability to safely drive an HGV under various road and traffic conditions.

Step 6: Acquire Your License

Upon successfully passing all tests, you will earn your HGV license, allowing you to drive heavy goods vehicles legally.

Further Specializations and Endorsements

Some drivers choose to specialize in areas such as hazardous materials (HazMat) transport, tanker driving, or refrigerated cargo. These specializations may require additional certifications and training.

Tips for Success

  1. Start Small: If you’re new to professional driving, consider starting with a smaller class of vehicle to gain some experience.
  2. Ongoing Learning: Regulations and best practices evolve. Stay updated with ongoing training and professional development opportunities.
  3. Network: Use your training period to make industry connections. Networking can lead to better job opportunities and career advancement.


Becoming an HGV driver is a multi-step process that involves meeting specific requirements, passing theory and practical tests, and obtaining the necessary licenses and certifications. Though it may seem daunting, each step prepares you for the responsibilities you’ll carry as a professional HGV driver. With an ever-increasing demand for skilled drivers, now is an excellent time to enter this fulfilling and lucrative career.

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